The polytheistic religion of the Anglo-Saxons was practised for a comparatively brief period in England, from the invasion in the mid 5th century and throughout the 6th and 7th centuries, before gradually blending into folklore as a result of Christianization.
It surrounded the cult of the Ése (singular Ós, the equivalent to the Norse Aesir, notably Woden and Thunor.
The gods and goddesses, or deities of the Celts are known from a variety of sources, these include written Celtic mythology, ancient places of worship, statues, engravings, cult objects and place or personal names.
The locus classicus for the Celtic gods of Gaul is the passage in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico (The Gallic War, 52–51 BC) in which he names six of them, together with their functions.
“When Tory candidates stood [in the past] as Conservative and Unionist candidates in Scotland they were not talking about Scotland, they were talking about Ireland, and they were playing for the Orange vote in Scottish politics.“So when the Nationalists, when the whole thrust is to lump us together as Unionists…
The thing to keep in mind when reading their work is that they are prone to abstract speculation and often perpetuate idealistic myths about the Celts, rather than the whole truth.Then there are the authors who write with the masses in mind.They write about the modern, living tradition of Celtic art.In characteristic Roman fashion, Caesar does not refer to these figures by their native names but by the names of the Roman gods with which he equated them, a procedure that greatly complicates the task of identifying his Gaulish deities with their counterparts in the insular literatures.He also presents a neat schematic equation of god and function that is quite foreign to the vernacular literary testimony.The exquisite craft that is distinctively Celtic art calls the ancient spirits to all of our hearts.It somehow instinctively reminds all of us that we are eternally connected with the Cosmos and with every living thing on the Earth.There are the academics, who are much more factual and accurate.But their writing tends to make for very dry reading and generally focus on the past.The Anglo-Saxon nobility were nearly all converted within a century, but paganism among the rural population, as in other Germanic lands, didn't so much die out as gradually blend into folklore.As elsewhere, Christianization involved the adoption of pagan folk culture into a Christian context, including the conversion of sacrificial sites and pagan feast days.