She is working at ICCDRB on studies related to married women, adolescents, youth and sex workers.At present she is involved in maternal and neonatal health interventions that aim to improve the maternal and neonatal health status in Bangladesh.This article reviews the structure and main methods of CDAT development with specific considerations when applied in LMICs.It is estimated that up to 200 million children fail to reach their developmental potential in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).1 This statistic underpins recent calls for urgent global action to improve early child development in the first 5 years of life.2 Poverty, malnutrition, recurrent and/or chronic infectious diseases plus inadequate cognitive stimulation, can all have lifelong consequences on development.3–5 Economic modelling studies demonstrate how early interventions and investment in disadvantaged children are effective in improving child development and cost-effective in improving the ‘human capital’ potential of individuals.6 Investment in early child development initiatives in LMICs is burgeoning and with this, prioritisation of global health research into interventions that have maximum impact on child development.Suggested citation: The Mexican Spanish version of the RAPA was produced through translation and then back translation.We conducted focus groups with Spanish speakers regarding the wording and the examples.Please contact AHRQ’s Office of Communications and Knowledge Transfer for permission and to be put in contact with a technical expert before attempting a translation.The Short Assessment of Health Literacy–Spanish and English (SAHL–S&E) is a new instrument, consisting of comparable tests in English and Spanish, with good reliability and validity in both languages.
(Users of the tools who publish their findings can find a link listed with each tool to the paper that describes its initial development and validation.) The tools available from AHRQ are the: : Direct translation of these tools into another language may not produce a valid assessment of health literacy in the new language.
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh Dr.
Nafisa Lira Huq has been associated since 1999 as an Assistant Scientist with Centre for Reproductive Health (CRH).
Read an article about the RAPA: Topolski TD, Lo Gerfo J, Patrick DL, Williams B, Walwick J, Patrick MB.
The Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) among older adults. HPRC investigators revised the RAPA for use as a telephone-based measurement tool for assessing physical activity in older adults.