Topically, sociologists contribute to research on inequality and stratification, culture, family, markets, politics and power, identity, status, migration, labor and work, health, the environment, and globalization.
Late-20th- and early-21st-century sociological work on food is characterized by two overlapping threads: food systems (derived in part from scholarship on agricultural production and applied extension as well as environmental, developmental, and rural sociology) and food politics, identity, and culture (which reveals social anthropological and cultural-historical undertones).
Norms are social expectations that guide human behavior.
Deviance is often divided into two types of deviant activities.
A different view is conflict theory, which operates on a broad base that includes all institutions.Deviance is not as easily defined and established as some might think (especially if you are sensitive to cultural relativism and ethnocentrism).Deviance is a violation of norms or rules of behavior that are typically outside of the norms (see figure below).It was a striking departure from what I had experienced while in high school.But, I wondered back then if swimsuits were in fact deviant given that so many students at WGU wore them to class.Food is a relatively new empirically distinct area within sociology.Previously, studies of food production and consumption typically fell under the purview of research on health, agrarian studies, development sociology, agricultural economy, or social anthropology.Today sociologists of food display considerable diversity in their theoretical approaches, research methods, and empirical foci.Sociologists draw upon both classic and contemporary sociological theorists to study food’s production, distribution, and consumption as well as how food and eating are integrated into social institutions, systems, and networks.Rural and natural resource sociologists especially have long emphasized the management and impacts of food production systems in their work.In classical tomes food was typically mentioned as an example of social classification or of social problems rather than a distinct object of study.